Malaysia ranks as one of the most biologically diverse regions in the world, with at least 20% of the world’s known plant and animal species. Malaysia, along with southeast Asian nations, is among the major producers of timber and wood products, but is also one of the top countries with the biggest forest shrinkage.
Malaysian territory is approximately two-thirds forest. However, over the past 20 years, 7.7 million hectares of tree cover have been lost, equivalent to a 26% decrease. Malaysia’s forests have been devastated by major threats such as plantation expansion and illegal logging activities, with over 60% of forests cleared in the Malaysian peninsula.